Modak| Modagam| Coconut poorna kozhukattai is a traditional sweet dumpling made for the Vinayaka Chaturthi. I love the coconut jaggery filled dumpling scented with cadamom. I could eat a filling cup just like that. This coconut jaggery filling is commonly used for Ganesh chaturthi.
Nowadays many versions of kozhukattai exists but i could say this version is indeed the king of all kozhukattais. North Indians add some poppy seeds in the stuffing but make it in a same way. Simple yet delicious snack or dessert item perfect for festival seasons!!!

Mothagam recipe

Preparation Time: 15 minutes
Cooking Time: 15+ 10 minutes
Cuisine: Indian

Rice flour| Roasted rice flour| Idiyappam flour- 1 cup
Salt- to taste
Oil- 1 teaspoon
Water- 1and 1/4 cup

For the stuffing:
Jaggery, grated- 3/4 cup
Coconut, grated- 1 and 1/2 cups
Cardamom- 1/4 teaspoon

Thengai mothagam recipe

For the stuffing:
  • In a pan add the jaggery with 1/4 cup of water and melt well to make a syrup. Strain the syrup if it has impurities.
  • Once the jaggery syrup bubbles add the grated coconut and cardamom powder. North Indians add two teaspoon of poppy seeds(khus khus) with this. Add if you wish to.
  • Cook on medium flame till the moisture from the mixture almost totally evaporates. If you touch the mixture it starts to stick in your hands. At this stage switch off the flame and allow to cool.
  • Start to roll the coconut mixture into small balls when the mixture is slightly warm; set aside.
For the rice flour shell:
  • If you use normal (not roasted) rice flour add the flour inside the boiling hot water and cook the flour with out lumps by constant stirring and make the dough.
  • If you use roasted rice flour| Idiyappam flour, add the rice flour, salt and oil inside a bowl. Heat water in a pan to a rolling hot stage.
  • Now pour the hot water over the rice flour and mix with a spoon. Stop adding when the rice flour reaches a soft dough stage. Knead to make a  soft dough.
  • Rest for few minutes to cool the dough with a lid. When the dough is warm you can start preparing the kozhukattai.
  • Divide the dough into lemon sized balls;set aside.
Kozhukattai/ Modak:(modak without mould refer here for step-wise pics)
  • Take a rice flour ball and roll inside the palm and flatten the ball; dip the finger inside water and spread to make a thin sheet as much as possible. 
  • Keep the stuffing inside and gather the edges by lightly pulling the dough; seal the edges tightly.
Mould method:
  • Grease the mould with little oil.
  • Take the rice flour dough (ball) and press into the cavity of the modak till it is evenly lined on all the sides.
  • Fill the dough cavity with the stuffing and press well with out any gap. You could divide the filling ball into two and fill the cavity to prevent gaps inside.
  • Take a smaller portion of the dough and spread it evenly at the base of the modak mould so as to seal the filling.
  • Demould the modak from the modak mould.
Steaming| cooking:
  • Grease a idli stand or any stemer vessel and arrange the kozhukattai on top.
  • Heat water in a steamer vessel or idli steamer once the water becomes rolling hot keep the idli stand inside the hot water and allow to steam for 10 minutes till the outside rice flour dough becomes shiny.
Vinayaka Chaturthi recipes

Coconut jaggery sweet dumplings

How to make modak recipe